**How I calculated PI (π) from a PIZZA!**

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# A small adventure with “Random Numbers”

Say a random number….

I know you can say a lot of random numbers, but the question here is HOW ??

Look, random numbers which came out of my mind…789, 842, 556, 333 (Actu😂lly I had asked numbers btw 1 to 1000)

BUT HOW WE HUMANS DO THAT ???

# Before answering that, lets look into our AcTion Plan for this Ad⛰️Venture

⭐

Create random function using Python (No Library imports)⭐⭐⭐

Visualize and proving the random function using graphs⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Calculating the PI value using our random function⭐⭐⭐

*okay..so why only pseudo random ?? why can’t we get a real random number ?*

👨 REAL VS PSEUDO🎭RANDOM NUMBER

All we can do is to increase the pseudo-ness in the NUMBERS. We think it to be random when we don’t know the real story.

So real random number don’t exist, they are just some hidden stories.(dis😒gree?, Welcome to comments)

*Here, we are using some mathematical formula. It may be different in case of Atmospheric noise, magnetic field fluctuations etc (considered more real).*

*We will be choosing **LCG algo** to complete this Journey. Its just a way to create random numbers.*

LCG stands for Linear Congruential Generator

** Come, meet our four new friends who are going to guide us in this dangerous adventure **🌳🌲🦁🌳 🕳 🐯🌴🕳️🥦🕳🐍⛰️🌴🐂 🥦🌲🥦⛰️

ais themultiplier,cstands forincrementandmstands for themodulo

seed is the start point and which gets updated with time.seed and modulo are the starting and the ending point respectively for the range of generated random numbers.

seed = ( a x seed + c ) % m

*We will use small values for a, c, m, seed and create a function to generate random number.*

*This is not a good random number generator as the random numbers repeat after 6 values. We need to increase the range to increase the randomness.*

Yay!!! Now there is no repetition 🎉🎉

*We have reached our first goal as we have successfully created a random number generating function. Now going for the remaining goals**__*🚶_🏳️

# Now, we will visualize values from function to prove uniformity in the random numbers…🎯

Wow!!! They all are uniformly distributed🎉🎉

# Now we have our 🏳️INAL G🎯AL remaining… Getting the value of PI using our function….Come lets run to it !

*I know you all have got tired 😩 due to this long journey so lets take a break….*

Come, Take a piece of pizza 😂

# Formula to find **π **🤔

Here we have two shapes a 1/4th Circle and a Square where:radius of circle = side of square = 1 cm

Area of square r x r = 1 x 1 = 1 and Area of 1/4th circle = π ÷ 4

π = 4 x

Area of 1/4th Circle÷ Area of Square

If we calculate the

area by the number of dotsthenlets take

Total points in Square is 1 Lakhandnow we need to find the

Total dots inside the Quarter Circleso we can get theπ

Here we have generated 1 lakh random points and the points which resided inside the circle were separated using x**2 + y**2 ≤ 1.

….. we used our formula to find the Value of π correct to 2 decimal points…..🎉🏳️🎯

Great! We have completed our journey !!

Thank you so much for staying there 👋

If you really enjoyed please do give a clap !